Agriculture is the bedrock of the economy for many of our FII countries, contributing heavily to GDP and employing sizable populations of people. Agricultural workers tend to be poorer, less financially included, and older compared to workers in other sectors and the population as a whole. Uganda and Tanzania lead in the agriculture sector with 61% and 53% of the population, respectively, working in the farming industry.

In every FII country, farmers are more likely than the overall population to fall below the poverty line and tend to fare worse than adults in non-farming jobs. Those working in agriculture are less likely to be financially included compared with those who hold jobs in other sectors. However, in India, Kenya, and Pakistan, farmers are as likely to be financially included as the rest of the population. Agricultural workers in each of the FII countries are older, on average, than all adults and those with jobs outside of farming.

Farmers By Country

Employed Adults
In Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda, the percentage of farmers who are women is roughly equal to that of men (53%, 51%, and 51%, respectively)

Agriculture, Financial Inclusion and Poverty

Financially Included
Below the Poverty Level
43% of adults in Uganda are farmers while, in Bangladesh, just 13% are farmers.

Agriculture, Age and Gender

Age 35 and Older

What percentage of Nigerians farmers are male?

A. 50%
B. 66%
C. 94%
B. 66%

Between the East African countries of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, which country has the highest percentage of farmers who are financially included?

A. Kenya
B. Tanzania
C. Uganda
A. Kenya (80%)

Among the Asian FII countries, which has the fewest farmers?

A. Bangladesh
B. India
C. Pakistan
C. Pakistan (10%)

Which FII country has the highest percentage of farmers below the poverty line?

Tanzania (87%)

What percentage of Indian farmers fall below the poverty line?

A. 72%
B. 89%
C. 61%
D. 66%
C. 61%

In Uganda, what is the percentage difference between those who are financially included and have jobs outside of farming and those financially included who are farmers?

A. 26%
B. 13%
C. 6%
A. 26% (there is a 26-point inclusion gap, with 67% of those outside of farming financially included, but only 41% of farmers)