Nigeria

Nigeria’s financial inclusion landscape includes both great hope and great challenges. As Africa’s largest economy, Nigeria has the potential to drive consumers toward financial inclusion, yet internal strife and economic instability have made progress uncertain. Nearly nine in 10 Nigerians (88%) live below the poverty line, with research showing that being poor, rural and less educated are all barriers to inclusion. Today, banking leads the way to financial inclusion, with more than one-third of adults (37%) having bank accounts. Fewer than one in a 100 adults (0.6%) have mobile money accounts and barely more (3%) have nonbank financial accounts. After committing to the Maya Declaration, the Nigerian government launched the National Financial Inclusion Strategy in 2012 to reduce the financially excluded to 20% by 2020. Although the goal is ambitious, the strategy reflects its long-term commitment to expanding financial services access and use to underserved populations.   

Financial Inclusion

Total Financially Included
Financial Inclusion Breakdown By Accounts
Account Ownership By Year
36% of Nigerian adults have a digital bank account, meaning their registered account offers some form of digital access.

Registered Bank Accounts

Total Population
By Gender
By Urbanity
By Poverty Level
60% of Nigerian adults are gainfully employed.

Active Bank Account Use

Active Bank Account Holders
Basic Bank Account Use
62% of Nigerian adults currently have savings.

Which is the most commonly used advanced function for active bank account holders?

A. Save or set aside money
B. Transfer money between banks
C. Receive wages
D. Pay bills
A. Save or set aside money (23%)

True or false

Financial inclusion in Nigeria is primarily through mobile money.

False (banks 37% vs. mobile money 0.6%)

True or false

Adults living in rural areas are most likely to have their own bank account.

False (just 28% of rural residents have an account)

Nigeria has at least 10 mobile money providers.

True

What percentage of adults have savings?

A. 62%
B. 70%
C. 40%
D. 58%
A. 62%

True or false

Non-bank financial services are the second most widely used financial services in Nigeria.

True