Agriculture is the bedrock of their economy for many of our FII countries, contributing heavily to GDP and employing sizable populations of people. Agricultural workers tend to be poorer, less financially included, and older than workers in other sectors as well as the population as a whole. The number of adults who say their primary job is as a farmer, farm worker, or farm owner ranges from a low one in five in Nigeria (21%) to a high of more than two-thirds of adults in Tanzania (68%).

In every FII country, farmers are more likely than the overall population to fall below the poverty line and fare worse than adults with jobs other than farming. Those working in agriculture are less likely to be financially included compared with those who hold jobs in other sectors. In all but two countries (India and Kenya), farmers lag all adults in financial inclusion. Agricultural workers in each of the FII countries are older, on average, than all adults and those with jobs outside of farming.

Farmers By Country

Employed Adults
In Kenya and Uganda, the percentage of farmers who are women is roughly equal to that of men (49% and 50%).

Agriculture, Financial Inclusion and Poverty

Financially Included
Below the Poverty Level
68% of Tanzanians are farmers, while just 21% of Nigerians are.

Agriculture, Age and Gender

Age 35 and Older

Which FII country has the highest percentage of farmers?

Tanzania (68%)

Which FII country has the highest number of farmers aged 35 and older?

Indonesia (74%)

What percentage of Nigerians farmers are male?

A. 50%
B. 74%
C. 94%
B. 74%

Which FII country has the lowest percentage of male farmers?

Uganda (50%)

What percentage of Indian farmers fall below the poverty line?

A. 87%
B. 89%
C. 57%
D. 65%
B. 89%

Among the Asian FII countries, which has the fewest farmers?

A. Bangladesh
B. India
C. Indonesia
D. Pakistan
D. Pakistan (14%)